Diabetes is condition where the people have too high level of blood sugar. It is well known as Diabetes Melitus. It is chronic and can weaken you body’s ability to use the energy in food. We know that diabetes mellitus is scary and one of the dangerous diseases which can cause of death in the world.
This disease can happen to anyone in any stages of ages but mostly occur in adults. In normal condition, the body breaks down sugars and carbohydrates from the food and changes them into a specific sugar called glucose. This glucose merges with the cells in the blood. These cells need insulin hormone to take the glucose therefore it can be used for energy. People who get diabetes mellitus cannot produce enough insulin, the insulin that has been produced cannot be used, or the combination of both. Since the cells cannot absorb the glucose, it will be built in the blood. This is the process that can cause high levels of blood glucose and damage the tiny blood vessels in the kidney, eyes, and heart. That is why untreated diabetes can eventually cause heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney disease, and nerve damage in the feet.
Types of Diabetes
There are three major types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, diabetes type 2, and gestational diabetes.
· Type 1 Diabetes
Diabetes type 1 is called insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile-onset or on the other words early-onset diabetes because it happens in childhood or before age 40. In this kind of diabetes, the pancreas cannot produce any insulin hormone because the result of faulty beta cells in the pancreas. It also may be caused by a genetic predisposition.
· Diabetes Type 2
In this diabetes type 2, the body cannot produce the enough insulin or the body does not give some reaction on it.
· Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes is the condition of the high blood sugar levels during the pregnancy. During the pregnancy the increasing of certain hormone is made in the placenta.
How to Treat Diabetes Mellitus?
Diabetes mellitus can be treated to reduce the level of damages. Many Diabetes Health Center have suggested the treatment to decrease the effect of the disease. The people with diabetes have to take responsibility to pay attention to glucose levels, management of diet, have physical activity, the weight and stress control, have attention of oral medications, and when it is needed, insulin use by using injection or pump.
For the therapy of insulin, people with diabetes type 1 are required to take multiple insulin injection to maintain the level of insulin. This therapy is also suggested to treat people with diabetes type 2. There are four major types of insulin: Rapid, Short, Intermediate, and Long acting. Under the control of the doctor, the dose and the duration of insulin therapy will be done as depends on the standard level and the ability of the body. By using oral medication treatment, the effectiveness of the body’s natural insulin, will be improved, and it can increase the production of insulin and decrease the absorption of blood sugar, and reduce blood sugar production. Sometimes even though people have already eaten the healthy food in healthy manner and exercise, they can be affected by diabetes mellitus.